4: 14/15/16

Unit 4: Global Interactions, c. 1450 to c. 1750
Unit 4 - The Early Modern World, 1450 - 1750
CH 14 - Empires & Encounters - TARGETS

Notes - Chapter 14 - American Colonial Empires

Video: Crash Course: The Little Ice Age

"Global Commerce & the Seven S's"
CH 15 - Global Commerce - TARGETS

Duez Notes: CH 15 - Russian Empire & Fur Trade

Video: The Ascent of Money #1 - Dreams of Avarice

Video: Crash Course 219: Charles & Holy Roman Empire

Video: Andrew Marr's History of the World - Plunder

CH 16 - Religion & Science - TARGETS

Notes - Chapter 16 - The Protestant Reformation

Notes - Chapter 16 - Scientific Revolution

Video: Crash Course 2: Luther & Reformation

Video: Copernicus & Scientific Revolution

First, the Protestant Revolution used the humanist mindset to examine corruption in the Catholic Church. The sale of indulgences, collection of relics, and the rituals & rules being used to guarantee entry to heaven were denounced. Martin Luther and others attempted to improve the church through humanist methods. They believed that it was through "Faith and Faith Alone" that one could find salvation. This was a true turning point in the history of Western Civilization and European culture.

Luther Rap by Ryan Gerlach
The "Scientific Revolution" refers to historical changes in thought & belief, to changes in social & institutional organization, that unfolded in Europe between roughly 1550-1700; beginning with Nicholas Copernicus (1473-1543), who asserted a heliocentric (sun-centered) cosmos, it ended with Isaac Newton (1642-1727), who proposed universal laws and a Mechanical Universe. Today it continues with every new scientific discovery and in every classroom that uses the scientific method to understand our world.
The Most Astounding Fact, by Neil deGrasse Tyson