Tuesday Sept. 27, 2011

Quote of the Day: "Victorious warriors win first and then go to war, while defeated warriors go to war first and then seek to win." - Sun Tzu, The Art of War

Learning Targets:
  • Why was slavery so much more prominent in Greco-Roman civilization than in India or China?
  • What changes in the patterns of social life of the classical era can you identify? What accounts for these changes?
  • Cultural and social patterns of civilizations seem to endure longer than the political framework of states and empires.” Based on Chapters 4, 5, and 6, would you agree with this statement?
  • How did the patriarchies of Athens and Sparta differ from each other?
Aspasia: A foreign woman resident in Athens (ca. 470–400 b.c.e.) and partner of the statesman Pericles who was famed for her learning and wit.
Greek and Roman slavery: In the Greek and Roman world, slaves were captives from war and piracy (and their descendants), abandoned children, and the victims of long-distance trade; manumission was common. Among the Greeks, household service was the most common form of slavery, but in parts of the Roman state, thousands of slaves were employed under brutal conditions in the mines and on great plantations.
helots: The dependent, semi-enslaved class of ancient Sparta whose social discontent prompted the militarization of Spartan society.
latifundia: Huge estates operated by slave labor that flourished in parts of the Roman Empire (singular latifundium).
Pericles: A prominent and influential statesman of ancient Athens (ca. 495–429 b.c.e.), he presided over Athens’s Golden Age. (pron. PEAR-ih-klees)
Spartacus: A Roman gladiator who led the most serious slave revolt in Roman history from 73 to 71 b.c.e.).

1. DO NOW Question: Why was slavery so much more prominent in Greco-Roman civilization than in India or China? 
Students will write out the DO NOW question for the first 3 minutes. Then Mr. Duez will show about 10 minutes a video about slavery in rome
After the video we will discuss the Do Now Question and the video pertaining to:
Greco-Roman society depended more on slaves than did other classical civilizations.There were far more slaves in the Greco-Roman world than in other classical civilizations.Slaves participated in a greater number and range of occupations than in other classical civilizations, from the highest and most prestigious positions to the lowest and most degraded. Slaves were excluded only from military service.
2. Discuss Sparta and Athens: How did the patriarchies of Athens and Sparta differ from each other?

 •  Athens placed increasing limitations on women between 700 and 400 b.c.e.      completely excluded women from public life.      women be represented by a guardian in legal matters, and women were not even referred to by name in court proceedings.      restricted women to the home, where they lived separately from men.     marriage customarily saw a woman in her mid-teens marry a man ten to fifteen years her senior.      land passed through male heirs.    

•  Spartan women possessed more freedom.      fear of helot rebellion meant that great value was placed on male warriors.      the central task for women in Spartan society was reproduction—specifically, the bearing of strong healthy sons. women were encouraged to strengthen their bodies, and they even participated in public sporting events.      women were not secluded or segregated like their Athenian counterparts.      married men about their own age, putting the new couple on a more equal basis.      Men were often engaged in or preparing for war, so women in Sparta had more authority in the household.      women in Sparta lacked any formal public role.