Advanced Placement World History with Mr. Duez
Unit 6: Most Recent Century, 1900 - 2013
Chapter 21: Collapse & Recovery of Europe, 1914 - 1979WEEK AT A GLANCE:
MON - EOC English Training all morning; Then only 4th and 6th period - Ferguson's War of the World, Part I - Clash of Empires, documentary & discussion.
TUE - Intro to Chapter 21 & WWI: Causes, Impact, and Course of the War
WED/THU - Trench Warfare - the nature of WWI; Conclusion, Aftermath, and Consequences.
FRI - The Great Depression; Schama's Power of Art: Guernica
|Picasso's Guernica: Guernica shows the tragedies of war and the suffering it inflicts upon individuals.|
From Strayer's introduction to Chapter 21, an excellent summary of a very complicated chapter:
THE “GREAT WAR,” WHICH CAME TO BE CALLED THE FIRST WORLD WAR (1914–1918), effectively launched the twentieth century, considered as a new phase of world history. That bitter conflict—essentially a European civil war with a global reach—was followed by the economic meltdown of the Great Depression, by the rise of Nazi Germany and the horror of the Holocaust, and by an even bloodier and more destructive World War II. During those three decades, Western Europe, for more than a century the dominant and dominating center of the modern “world system,” largely self-destructed, in a process with profound and long-term implications far beyond Europe itself. By 1945, an outside observer might well have thought that Western civilization, which for several centuries was in the ascendancy on the global stage, had damaged itself beyond repair.
In the second half of the century, however, that civilization proved quite resilient. Its Western European heartland recovered remarkably from the devastation of war, rebuilt its industrial economy, and set aside its war-prone nationalist passions in a loose European Union. But as Europe revived after 1945, it lost both its overseas colonial possessions and its position as the political, economic, and military core of Western civilization. That role now passed across the Atlantic to the United States, marking a major change in the historical development of the West. The offspring now overshadowed its parent.
Learning Targets for Chapter 21—The Collapse and Recovery of Europe, 1914–1970s
• To examine the history of Europe between 1914 and the 1970s as an organic whole made up of closely interconnected parts
• To consider the repercussions of nationalism and colonialism in Europe and Japan
• To increase student awareness of the effects of the two world wars
• To help students imagine the appeal of totalitarian movements in the twentieth century
Questions to Consider:
BIG PICTURE QUESTIONS:
1. What explains the disasters that befell Europe in the first half of the twentieth century?
2. In what ways were the world wars a motor for change in the history of the twentieth century?
3. To what extent were the two world wars distinct and different conflicts, and in what ways were they related to each other? In particular, how did the First World War and its aftermath lay the foundations for World War II?
4. In what ways did Europe’s internal conflicts between 1914 and 1945 have global implications?
Margin Review Questions:
1. What aspects of Europe’s nineteenth-century history contributed to the First World War?
2. In what ways did World War I mark new departures in the history of the twentieth century?
3. In what ways was the Great Depression a global phenomenon?
4. In what ways did fascism challenge the ideas and practices of European liberalism and democracy?
5. What was distinctive about the German expression of fascism? What was the basis of popular support for the Nazis?
6. How did Japan’s experience during the 1920s and 1930s resemble that of Germany, and how did it differ?
7. In what way were the origins of World War II in Asia and in Europe similar to each other? How were they different?
8. How did World War II differ from World War I?
9. How was Europe able to recover from the devastation of war?
|Daniel Radcliffe will star as the lead in All Quiet this summer.|
Monday, March 4, 2013
Quote of the Day: "History is a myth that men agree to believe." - Napoleon
1. Video & Discussion: 4th and 6th ONLY: Niall Ferguson's - War of the World, Part I The Clash of Empires
The Clash of Empires. An alternative perspective to the events of the 20th century, offering different explanations for the two world wars and the shifting balance of power as the 1900s progressed. He begins by studying the origins of World War One, arguing that the conflict sparked racial hatred which was exploited by nation states for their own ends.
|The movie Passchendaele|
Quote: “There are no secrets to success. It is the result of preparation, hard work learning from failure.” - General Colin Powell
1. DO NOW QUESTION: What aspects of Europe’s nineteenth-century history contributed to the First World War?
2. Notes, Video & Discussion: Introduction to Chapter 21 "World War I" Causes of WWI, Impact.
3. Video Clip from The War of the World by Niall Ferguson.
4. Notes, Video & Discussion: Outbreak and course of the War.
Wednesday, March 6 & Thursday, March 7, 2013
Quote: "It was a rum job going over the top, without any rum." - Harry Lamin on the Western Front during Trench Warfare
1. DO NOW QUESTION: "What was the nature of trench warfare?"
2. Notes, Video & Discussion: Nature of WWI - how it was fought & results
3. Video clip from Andrew Marr's Making of Modern Britain: The Great War
Quote of the Day: "The war has ruined us for everything." - Remarque, All Quiet on the Western Front
1. Do Now Question: In what ways was the Great Depression a global phenomenon?
2. Notes, Video, & Discussion: Legacy of WWI, Failure of the Treaty & League of Nations. Global Economic Depression. Foreshadow the Rise of Dictators.
2. Video - Simon Schama's "Power of Art - Picasso's Guernica" - specially edited version by Mr. Duez cut to 38 minutes.
Questions to answer while viewing: